Name

neomutt — The NeoMutt Mail User Agent (MUA)

SYNTAX

neomutt [-Enx] [-e command] [-F config] [-H draft] [-i include]

[-b address] [-c address] [-s subject] [ -a file [ . . . ] -- ] address [ . . . ] neomutt [-nx] [-e command] [-F config] [-b address] [-c address]

[-s subject] [ -a file [ . . . ] -- ] address [ . . . ] < message neomutt [-nRy] [-e command] [-F config] [-f mailbox] [-m type] neomutt [-n] [-e command] [-F config] -A alias neomutt [-n] [-e command] [-F config] -B neomutt [-n] [-e command] [-F config] -D [ -S ] neomutt [-n] [-e command] [-F config] -d level -l file neomutt [-n] [-e command] [-F config] -G neomutt [-n] [-e command] [-F config] -g server neomutt [-n] [-e command] [-F config] -p neomutt [-n] [-e command] [-F config] -Q variable neomutt [-n] [-e command] [-F config] -Z neomutt [-n] [-e command] [-F config] -z [-f mailbox] neomutt -v [ v ]

DESCRIPTION

NeoMutt is a small but very powerful text based program for reading and sending electronic mail under Unix operating systems, including support for color terminals, MIME, OpenPGP, and a threaded sorting mode.

Note: This manual page gives a brief overview of NeoMutt's command line options. You should find a copy of the full manual in /usr/share/doc/neomutt, in plain text, HTML, and/or PDF format.

OPTIONS

--

Special argument forces NeoMutt to stop option parsing and treat remaining arguments as address es even if they start with a dash

-A alias

Print an expanded version of the given alias to stdout and exit

-a file

Attach one or more file s to a message (must be the last option). Add any addresses after the '' -- '' argument, e.g.:


neomutt -a  image.jpg  --  address1 
neomutt -a  image.jpg *.png  --  address1 address2 

-B

Run in batch mode (do not start the ncurses UI)

-b address

Specify a blind carbon copy (Bcc) recipient

-c address

Specify a carbon copy (Cc) recipient

-D

Dump all configuration variables as '' name = value '' pairs to stdout

-D -S

Like -D , but hide the value of sensitive variables

-d level

Log debugging output to a file (default is " ~/.neomuttdebug0"). The level can range from 1–5 and affects verbosity (a value of 2 is recommended)

Using this option along with -l is useful to log the early startup process (before reading any configuration and hence $debug_level and $debug_file)

-E

Edit draft ( -H ) or include ( -i ) file during message composition

-e command

Specify a command to be run after reading the config files

-F config

Specify an alternative initialization file to read, see FILES section below for a list of regular configuration files

-f mailbox

Specify a mailbox (as defined with mailboxes command) to load

-G

Start NeoMutt with a listing of subscribed newsgroups

-g server

Like -G , but start at specified news server

-H draft

Specify a draft file with header and body for message composing

-h

Print this help message and exit

-i include

Specify an include file to be embedded in the body of a message

-l file

Specify a file for debugging output (default " ~/.neomuttdebug0")

This overrules $debug_file setting and NeoMutt keeps up to five debug logs ({ file | $debug_file | ~/.neomuttdebug}[ 0- 4]) before override the oldest file

-m type

Specify a default mailbox format type for newly created folders

The type is either MH, MMDF, Maildir or mbox (case-insensitive)

-n

Do not read the system-wide configuration file

-p

Resume a prior postponed message, if any

-Q variable

Query a configuration variable and print its value to stdout (after the config has been read and any commands executed)

-R

Open mailbox in read-only mode

-s subject

Specify a subject (must be enclosed in quotes if it has spaces)

-v

Print the NeoMutt version and compile-time definitions and exit

-vv

Print the NeoMutt license and copyright information and exit

-x

Simulate the mailx(1)send mode

-y

Start NeoMutt with a listing of all defined mailboxes

-Z

Open the first mailbox with new message or exit immediately with exit code 1 if none is found in all defined mailboxes

-z

Open the first or specified ( -f ) mailbox if it holds any message or exit immediately with exit code 1 otherwise

ENVIRONMENT

EDITOR

Specifies the editor to use if VISUALis unset. Defaults to the Vi editor if unset.

EGDSOCKET

For OpenSSL since version 0.9.5, files, mentioned at RANDFILE below, can be Entropy Gathering Daemon (EGD) sockets. Also, and if exists, ~/.entropyand /tmp/entropywill be used to initialize SSL library functions. Specified sockets must be owned by the user and have permission of 600 (octal number representing).

EMAIL

The user's email address.

HOME

Full path of the user's home directory.

MAIL

Full path of the user's spool mailbox.

MAILCAPS

Path to search for mailcap files. If unset, a RFC1524 compliant search path that is extended with NeoMutt related paths (at position two and three): " $HOME/.mailcap : /usr/share/neomutt/mailcap: /etc/mailcap: /etc/mailcap: /usr/etc/mailcap: /usr/local/etc/mailcap" will be used instead.

MAILDIR

Full path of the user's spool mailbox if MAIL is unset. Commonly used when the spool mailbox is a maildir(5)folder.

MM_NOASK

If this variable is set, mailcap are always used without prompting first.

NNTPSERVER

Similar to configuration variable $news_server, specifies the domain name or address of the default NNTP server to connect. If unset, /etc/nntpserveris used but can be overridden by command line option -g .

PGPPATH

Directory in which the user's PGP public keyring can be found. When used with the original PGP program, NeoMutt and pgpring(1)rely on this being set.

RANDFILE

Like configuration variable $entropy_file, defines a path to a file which includes random data that is used to initialize SSL library functions. If unset, ~/.rndis used. DO NOT store important data in the specified file.

REPLYTO

When set, specifies the default Reply-To address.

TEXTDOMAINDIR

Defines an absolute path corresponding to /usr/share/localethat will be recognised by GNU gettext(1)and used for Native Language Support (NLS) if enabled.

TMPDIR

Directory in which temporary files are created. Defaults to /tmpif unset. Configuration variable $tmpdir takes precedence over this one.

VISUAL

Specifies the editor to use when composing messages.

XDG_CONFIG_DIRS

Specifies a X Desktop Group (XDG) compliant location for the system-wide configuration file, as described in FILES section below. This variable defaults to /etc/xdg. Bypass loading with command line option -n .

XDG_CONFIG_HOME

Specifies a XDG compliant location for the user-specific configuration file, as described in FILES section below. This variable defaults to $HOME/.config . Can be overridden by command line option -F .

FILES

Configuration files

NeoMutt will read just the first found configuration file of system-wide and user-specific category, from the list below and in that order.

But it allows building of a recursive configuration by using the source command.

 #N system-wide user-specific
1 $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS/neomutt/neomuttrc $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/neomutt/neomuttrc
2 $XDG_CONFIG_DIRS/neomutt/Muttrc * ) $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/neomutt/muttrc
3 /etc/neomuttrc $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/mutt/neomuttrc
4 /etc/Muttrc * ) $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/mutt/muttrc
5 /usr/share/neomutt/neomuttrc ~/.neomutt/neomuttrc
6 /usr/share/neomutt/Muttrc * ) ~/.neomutt/muttrc
.T&    
r c li .    
7 ~/.mutt/neomuttrc
8 ~/.mutt/muttrc
9 ~/.neomuttrc
10 ~/.muttrc
.T&    
l s s .    
 \h'0m' * ) Note the case of the filename    

\p

Other relevant files

Unless otherwise stated, NeoMutt will process all grouped files in the order (from top to bottom) as they are specified in that listing.

~/.mailcap, /etc/mailcap

User-specific and system-wide definitions for handling non-text MIME types, look at environment variable MAILCAPS above for additional search locations.

~/.neomuttdebug0

User's default debug log file. For further details or customising file path see command line options -d and -l above.

/etc/mime.types, /etc/mime.types, /usr/share/neomutt/mime.types, ~/.mime.types

Description files for simple plain text mapping between MIME types and filename extensions. NeoMutt parses these files in the stated order while processing attachments to determine their MIME type.

/usr/share/doc/neomutt/manual.{ html , pdf , txt }

The full NeoMutt manual in HTML, PDF or plain text format.

/tmp/neomutt-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX

Temporary files created by NeoMutt. For custom locations look at description of the environment variable TMPDIR above. Notice that the suffix -XXXX-XXXX-XXXXis just a placeholder for, e.g. hostname, user name/ID, process ID and/or other random data.

BUGS

See issue tracker at <https://github.com/neomutt/neomutt/issues>.

NO WARRANTIES

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

SEE ALSO

gettext(1), mailx(1), msmtp(1), notmuch(1), pgpring(1), sendmail(1), smail(1), RAND_egd(3), curses(3), ncurses(3), mailcap(5), maildir(5), mbox(5), neomuttrc(5).

For further NeoMutt information:

  • • the full manual, see FILES section above

  • • the home page, <https://neomutt.org>

AUTHOR

Michael Elkins, and others. Use <neomutt-devel@neomutt.org> to contact the developers.

Search by Algolia