Goal: Update a web page when a certain branch is updated
Some names have been replaced in the examples below:
|USER||neomutt||Name of your user or organisation|
|SRC_REPO||neomutt||Name of the source repo|
|DST_REPO||neomutt.github.io||Name of the destination repo|
|SSH_KEY_NAME||travis-deploy-github||Descriptive name for your SSH key|
Create an SSH key. This will be given write privileges to our GitHub repo.
Note: Do not set a password on this key. It will be encrypted later.
ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -f SSH_KEY_NAME
Generating public/private rsa key pair. Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): Enter same passphrase again: Your identification has been saved in SSH_KEY_NAME. Your public key has been saved in SSH_KEY_NAME.pub. The key fingerprint is: SHA256:0LFkuR0vAde+0HMYAI7GxzD/dFgI+oUXJGjXWri/mqs firstname.lastname@example.org The key's randomart image is: +---[RSA 4096]----+ | o.OO=+. | | .o%+**+o | | .*.O*=*.o | | . ++=+.* . | | S..o + | | . . | | . | | .. | | E.+o | +----[SHA256]-----+
Allow the SSH key to write to one specific repo.
For extra secrity add branch protection.
This prevents anyone from doing force-pushes to the repo. If anything goes wrong with the deployment, it can only add commits to the repo (which can be undone).
To use the SSH key securely, it must be encrypted. This is done using the travis command (a Ruby gem).
First install the “rubygems” package on your machine.
Now, install the travis command line (your output may be different).
gem install travis
gem install travis Fetching: travis-1.8.8.gem (100%) Successfully installed travis-1.8.8 Parsing documentation for travis-1.8.8 gnstalling ri documentation for travis-1.8.8 Done installing documentation for travis after 18 seconds 2 gems installed
Encrypt the private part of the SSH key (the part with no suffix).
Note: Save the “openssl” command, it will be used later.
travis encrypt-file -r USER/SRC_REPO SSH_KEY_NAME
encrypting SSH_KEY_NAME for USER/SRC_REPO storing result as SSH_KEY_NAME.enc storing secure env variables for decryption Please add the following to your build script (before_install stage in your .travis.yml, for instance): openssl aes-256-cbc -K $encrypted_XXXXXXXXXXXX_key -iv $encrypted_XXXXXXXXXXXX_iv -in SSH_KEY_NAME.enc -out SSH_KEY_NAME -d Pro Tip: You can add it automatically by running with --add. Make sure to add SSH_KEY_NAME.enc to the git repository. Make sure not to add SSH_KEY_NAME to the git repository. Commit all changes to your .travis.yml.
When Travis encrypts the files, it saves two keys to its server.
See the “Environment Variables”, here: https://travis-ci.org/USER/SRC_REPO/settings
Our SSH key can only be decrypted in SRC_REPO.
For more information about encryption in Travis, see: https://docs.travis-ci.com/user/encrypting-files
Now, we need some scripts to do the actual work.
The build environment needs setting up to allow ssh and git to work correctly.
Note: It would be better to cache a copy of GitHub’s ssh key fingerprint.
mkdir -p ~/.ssh echo "Host github.com" >> ~/.ssh/config echo " StrictHostKeyChecking no" >> ~/.ssh/config chmod 600 ~/.ssh/config
Decrypt the SSH key and run the ssh-agent. This uses the “openssl” command we saved earlier.
Note: This happens in
.travis.yml so that the ssh-agent credentials are visible to other scripts.
openssl aes-256-cbc -K $encrypted_XXXXXXXXXXXX_key -iv $encrypted_XXXXXXXXXXXX_iv -in SSH_KEY_NAME.enc -out SSH_KEY_NAME.pem -d chmod 0400 SSH_KEY_NAME.pem eval "$(ssh-agent -s)" ssh-add SSH_KEY_NAME.pem
Set up out git credentials and clone the destination repo.
Note: We use the “git@” reference for the repo.
git config --global user.email "email@example.com" git config --global user.name "John Doe (DEPLOY)" git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:USER/DST_REPO ~/website
This script does the actual work – generate a webpage.
Finally, commit our changes and push them.
cd ~/website git add . git commit -m "[AUTO] commit message" -m "[ci skip]" git push origin
Every time a translater makes an update, the leaderboard is updated.